The Guilford County Department of Public Health and local community partners are pleased to announce the results of the 2012-2013 Community Health Assessment (CHA) as summarized in the CHA report. The CHA report informs community members, leaders, organizations and others about Guilford County’s pressing health concerns and provides recommendations for action.
What is Community Health Assessment and Why is It Important?
According to the Institute of Medicine, one of the core functions of public health is assessment.  Every three or four years the Guilford County Department of Public Health (GCDPH) conducts a CHA with local partners. CHA gathers important data on the local health needs and strengths. These data highlight pressing health concerns and guide the development action plans to address these concerns.
The CHA also:
- Provides information for the development of Guilford County Department of Public Health’s strategic plan,
- Fulfills local health department’s requirements of the North Carolina Division of Public Health consolidated agreement, and
- Ensures that specific benchmarks are met as a part of the state health department accreditation process.
With passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the IRS requires each non-profit (501 (c) (3)) hospital system to conduct a community health needs assessment (CHNA) every three years.
Our Local Process and Partners
In 2012 -2013, Guilford County Department of Public Health collaborated with two hospital systems, Cone Health System and High Point Regional Health System, and the Cone Health Foundation to conduct a joint CHA and CHNA process. This joint assessment:
- Collected data on health needs and assets within the county,
- Highlighted pressing health issues and
- Developed recommendations for action plans that address community health concerns.
With guidance from UNC Greensboro’s Center for Social, Community and Health Research and Evaluation, partners used a participatory community-engaged approach to document community members’ health status and the availability of resources in Guilford County. A steering committee with representation from these partners guided the assessment, engaging community members, local citizens and organizational representatives throughout the process.
Guilford County’s Pressing Health Concerns
Partners used a multi-level approach to identify the most pressing health concerns, including multiple community meetings, an online survey and an expert panel using the Hanlon prioritization method, which considers the size and severity of the health issue as well as the feasibility of addressing it.
During the community meetings, participants and health professionals discussed and ranked the most urgent health-related issues as:
- Chronic Disease Prevention and Management
- Poor Birth Outcomes
- Sexually Transmitted Infections
- Childhood and Adult Obesity Prevention
- Teen Pregnancy
- Access to Clinical Care
- Poverty and Unemployment
- Violent Crime
- Access to Healthy Food
In later spring 2014, the GCDPH will convene a series of meetings to translate the community assessment recommendations into a Guilford County Community Action Plan. For more information, contact Guilford County Department of Public Health at 336-641-7777.
2012-2013 Community Health Assessment report:
- Acknowledgments and Chapter 1: Background and Partners
- Chapter 2: History and Geography
- Chapter 3: Demographics
- Chapter 4: Data Collection
- Chapter 5: Priority Setting Process
- Chapter 6: Guilford County Health Concerns
- Chapter 7: Chronic Disease
- Chapter 8: Poor Birth Outcomes
- Chapter 9: Sexually Transmitted Infections
- Chapter 10: Obesity
- Chapter 11: Teen Pregnancy
- Chapter 12: Access to Clinical Care
- Chapter 13: Poverty, Unemployment and Violent Crime
- Chapter 14: Access to Healthy Food
- Chapter 15: Guilford County Resources/Assets
- Chapter 16: Recommendations/Next Steps
 North Carolina Division of Public Health. Community Health Assessment., Website: publichealth.nc.gov/lhd/cha/index.htm; Updated August 22, 2013. Accessed November 1, 2013.